Engineering for cooperation and development

espandiEngineering and cooperation for development

Codice identificativo insegnamento: 097381
Programma sintetico: il corso intende fornire una panoramica generale dei vari aspetti e della prospettiva storica della cooperazione e dei modelli di sviluppo. Il corso si propone di ampliare la visione degli studenti sulle molteplici implicazioni tra energia e sviluppo al fine di comprendere l'effetto che questa conoscenza può avere sulla pianificazione ingegneristica delle soluzioni energetiche in termini di design, dimensioni e costi. La gestione del ciclo del progetto viene utilizzata come strumento per la progettazione appropriata di azioni di cooperazione e, più specificatamente per le soluzioni energetiche, viene introdotta una metodologia integrata (Comprehensive Energy Solution Planning) per formulare e ottimizzare i sistemi energetici soddisfano i bisogni locali, sfruttano al meglio le risorse del territorio e rispettano i vincoli economici, ambientali e culturali locali. La metodologia è quindi applicata a un progetto di gruppo che simula la preparazione di una proposta per un bando internazionale relativo all'elettrificazione rurale per un paese africano.

Topic 1
History of cooperation and development models: From conflicts to cooperation. The phases of development cooperation: from the 50s to the present day. Colonialism and neo-colonialism. The theoretical foundations of cooperation and the evolution of development models. The Agenda 2030 and the 17 Development Goals. The Italian Law 125 on Cooperation and the New framework.

Topic 2
Global energy scenarios and a focus on Africa: The world energy situation in accordance with the forecasts of WB and IEA: OECD economies, emerging economies and critical economies. The forecast scenarios. The main socio-economic indicators. The concept of development and poverty (UNDP) and the current estimates. The energy indicators for development (EISD - IAEA and EID - UNDP). Comparisons and time-varying extensive and intensive indicators. An Energy focus on Africa

Topic 3
Comprehensive Energy Solution Planning (CESP): Strategies and appropriate technologies for access to energy: The size of the problem of access to energy and sustainable energy in DCs. The Energy Situation in Africa. Priority definition: need analysis. Diagnostic: load curve definition and forecast and resources assessment. Planning: beyond centralized electrification: the case of off-grid system (conventional, alternative and hybrid), REs for Power production, Coockstove and biogas. Decision Support systems to select alternative. Technical and Comprehensive Design. Impact evaluation modelling. Open Source Tool for Microgrid otpimisation will be introduced (based on pyton)

Topic 4
The Project Cycle Management: PCM of the European Commission, as an instrument of cooperation. The identification phase (analysis phase): problem objective, stakeholder and strategy analysis. The formulation (planning) phase: the logical framework approach, the Gantt chart and the budget. Output , Outcome and impact indicators. SMART indicators and OVIs. The link between PCM and the Theory of Change

Topic 5
Beyond technology: Energy, rights, economic models and policies: Energy and Rights: Resources and the common good, Ethics and Resources, Resources, and human rights. Energy and business models: funding and entrepreneurial approaches to energy access. Energy and policies: enabling policies for the dissemination of appropriate solutions.